The prolonged Soviet war and occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s and 1990s brought thousands of Afghan refugees into the country and many of them settled in Afghan bastis on the outskirts of Karachi. We never knew that there are many museums in Karachi and in all the museums we never knew that there is one museum named a National museum of Pakistan situated in Karachi which give you the glimpse of the history with the help of the things that one could never think about. Karachi History Of Pakistan. Upper Paleolithic and Mesolithic sites have been excavated in the Mulri Hills along Karachi's northern outskirts. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. These earliest inhabitants are believed to have been hunter-gatherers, with ancient flint tools discovered at several sites. With the opening of the Suez Canal in 1869, the importance of Karachi grew, and it became a full-fledged seaport. The area of Karachi was known to the ancient Greeks as Krokola, where Alexander the Great camped in Sindh to prepare a fleet for ancient Iran. History of Karachi Prehistory. On the eve of independence, Karachi’s population exceeded 400,000. After a few expeditions, the British East India Company, captured the town, two days after the Royal navy ship HMS Wellesley anchored off Manora Island on February 1, 1839. Several well-known conquerors, travellers, and explorers have mentioned the seaport in their writings and travel guides. The ‘City of Lights’ became a ‘city of blights’ — but even on its darkest day, there remained a glimmer of light, a ray of hope. They inundated one fifth of the country and brought in thousands of flood refugees from interior Sindh. His admiral Nearchus is said to have sailed from the ‘Morontobara’ port — probably the modern Manora Island near the Karachi harbour. Its natural harbour was used by indigenous fishermen of the area since prehistory. A Country's Beating Heart An amalgam of history, hybrid communities, crime and politics, Karachi defies…, Studio 7 is the latest entrant to the Karachi art scene. By means of the usage of 1852, Karachi has become a base with a populace of 14,000 and a rich remote places exchange. Karachi was Pakistan ’s capital from 1947 until the new city of Islamabad was designated capital in 1959. Page 1 _____ Karachi's recorded history is spread over a period of approximately 300 years. After World War I, manufacturing and service industries were installed. Karachi was reputedly founded as "Kolachi" by Baloch tribes from Balochistan andMakran, who established a small fishing community in the area. Ergo Napier’s famous quote long after he left Sindh: “Would that I could come again to see you in your grandeur!”, By 1899 Karachi had a cosmopolitan population of about 105,000 people, comprising Muslims, Hindus, Sikhs, Europeans, Armenians, Malays Jews, Parsis, Iranians, Lebanese, African and Goan inhabitants. University of Karachi Universität Karatschi; Gründung Juni 1951: Trägerschaft staatlich Ort Karatschi, Sindh, Pakistan: Kanzler (chancellor) der Gouverneur der Provinz Sindh: Studierende ca. It was during this time that Karachi earned the sobriquet ‘City of Lights.’. Unfortunately the tramway system no longer exists, having been shut down on April 30th 1975 after a series of traffic accidents … It laid the foundation of a municipal government, established a military cantonment and constructed a major port for exporting Sindh’s produce. A history of karachi s garbage outbreaks dawn com pakistan landscape historical pictures welcome to (city lights): pin by askari khan on city indianhistorypics twitter North Nazimabad was developed as a residential area for federal government employees and was ranked as the most modern town planned in Karachi, designed in the late ’50s by Italian planners and architects, Carlo Scarpa and Aldo Rossi. | Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. The Karachi Tramway was opened on April 20th 1885. Located on the coast of the Arabian Sea, north-west of the Indus River Delta, the mega city is the largest city, original capital and cultural, economical, philanthropic, educational, and political hub, as well as the largest port, of the country. Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, Hurst, 2014, xxv + 336 p. - Laurent Gayer's book, Karachi. 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And despite the capital being shifted to Islamabad in 1958, it didn’t stop the city from remaining the economic jugular of the country in the 1960s and beyond — and even to date. EUR 22 Mio.) Karachi documentary in Urdu | History of KarachiKarachi is the largest seaport City in the Pakistan situated near the Arabian Sea. Their first settlement was near the delta of the Indus River which they named as 'Kolachi’ village. Home History of Karachi Vanished Heritage TURN OF THE CENTURY - 1900's. It served as a center of administration in the first years of independence before Rawalpindi became Pakistan’s interim capital in … In 1838, Karachi had had about 14,000 inhabitants. Karachi has many large and small shopping areas including the Saddar area in downtown Karachi. Then came the ancient Greeks who called this port by many names, including Krokola. The name Karachee first appeared on a document in 1742 of a Dutch merchant ship `de Ridderkerk’ belonging to the Dutch East India Company when it was shipwrecked along its coast. Karachi's poor, in places like Korangi, are still waiting for safe drinking water. In order to protect their village, the Sindhi sailors imported cannons from Oman and Muscat and the local populace constructed a small fort with two gateways. Historic karachi. The Karachi tramway system was the brain child of Karachi’s Municipal Secretary and Engineer James Strachan. The people of the original community yet inhabit the area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi Port. All these considered, it’s absolutely no surprise that Karachi is one of the most recommended cities to visit if you’re embarking on a history tour. Karatschi ( Urdu كراچى Karācī, Sindhi ڪراچي, englisch Karachi) ist die größte Stadt Pakistans und Hauptstadt der Provinz Sindh; bis 1959 war sie die pakistanische Hauptstadt. It is also Pakistan’s principal seaport and a major commercial and industrial center. When Napier left, Karachi was made part of the Bombay Presidency. That was, and is, the insurmountable resilience and never-say-die spirit of the people who call Karachi home. From the mid-19th century, Karachi overshadowed Hyderabad as the commercial, educational and administrative centre of Sindh. History. Published 4 years ago. Love it or hate it, Karachi halwa embodies this entangled history. The plans for a Karachi tramway system were made in February 1881, and work started in October 1884. The delivery of basic city services remained an ongoing problem for Karachi into the 21st century. Karachi originally was a small fisherman village settled by the Baloch tribes from Balochistan and Makran. #8 of 30 Sights & Landmarks in Karachi "Strachan designed the tower in the Gothic Revival style popular in Victorian England, to evoke the architecture of Medieval England (11th to 15th century A.D.)." Karachi also has a number of large modern shopping malls. At the turn of the century a public tram service commenced from Saddar (the cantonment) to the new harbour at Kiamari. Karachi is the capital of the province of Sindh, and the largest city in Pakistan. From the terrain it seems to be that Karachi was under the sea during the last stone age period however tall islands like Abdullah Shah Ghazi might have some sort of homosapian population. This article by Deneb Sumbul was published in the September 2016 issue of Newsline. Karachi has Pakistan's first nuclear site KANUP in 1952 from Canada. And in 1971, another wave of migration took place when former East Pakistan broke away to become Bangladesh. During the same year, when troops of Company Bahadur arrived, it established a new military cantonment area meant only for the `white’ with limited access to the local population. `Sindh, part of the native town of Kurrachee, 1851.’ Water-colour of Karachi by Henry Francis Ainslie (c.1805-1879). History Of Karachi. Although Rawalpindi became the interim capital in 1959, before the capital permanently moved to Islamabad in 1969, Karachi maintained its preeminence as Pakistan’s business and industrial hub. The horses wore straw hats to avoid sunstroke and water for them was provided by the philanthropic "Drinking Trough Society of Karachi." Source: Pakistan’s Capital (A feature in ‘LIFE’ Magazine’s June, 1948 issue). The settlement expanded rapidly and was already of significance when it was captured in 1839 by the British, who annexed it in 1842, together with the province of Sindh. Advertisement. The writer is working with the Newsline as Assistant Editor, she is a documentary filmmaker and activist. Lahari Bandar or Lari Bandar succeeded Debal as a major port of the Indus it was located close to Banbhore, in modern Karachi. Karachi, city and capital of Sindh province in southern Pakistan and the country’s largest city. Friday, 27 May 2011 09:33 Posted by smarty imon Labels: apnakarachi , History , I own karachi , Karachi , See My Karachi Karachi 'The City of Lights' started its life as a small fishing settlement by the Indus Delta known as Kolachi-jo-Kun (the ditch of Kolachi), named after an old fisherwoman, Mai Kolachee who took up settlement here. By 1873 it possessed an efficient and well-managed harbour. If historical references are to be believed, Karachi’s known history dates back to almost 500 BC. The British Raj realised Karachi’s strategic importance very early on, and embarked on large-scale modernisation of the city. Many who were housed in Labour Square were never to return to their villages, as many were poor tenant farmers who saw Karachi as a city of growth and opportunity. Behram Sohrab H. J. Rustomji (1952), Karachi, 1839-1947: a short history of the foundation and growth of Karachi, Karachi: Kitabistan; Herbert Feldman (1970), Karachi through a hundred years: the centenary history of the Karachi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, 1860-1960 (2nd ed. By 1891, statistics showed a population of about 105,000 and by the time the 19th century drew to a close, Karachi had 117,000 inhabitants as of 1901. Pakistan Railways provides an important mode of Transportation in the farthest corners of the country and brings them closer for Business, sightseeing, pilgrimage and education. Karachi was a small fishing village when a group of traders moved there in the early 18th century from the decaying port of Kharak Bandar nearby. Copyright © 2020 All Rights reserved by Newsline Magazine. One of Sultan Suleiman the Magnificent’s famous Ottoman admirals, Seydi Ali Reis mentions Debal and Manora Island in one of his books Mir’ât ül Memâlik (the Mirror of Countries) in 1554. The … History of Karachi by KHAWAJA UMER FAROOQ. In a development typical of many postcolonial megacities, this premier economic status subsequently contributed to an enormous increase in Karachi’s population, as a huge influx of job-seeking immigrants from rural areas nearly doubled the city’s size in the final two decades of the 20th century. It has been a great integrating force and forms the life line of the country by catering to its needs for large scale movement of people and freight. By 1924 an aerodrome had been built, and Karachi became the main airport of entry to India. The final quarter of the 20th century also brought a huge wave of urban violence and crime to Karachi, in the form of ethnic violence between native Sindhis and more recent immigrants from India, the muhajirs, and in an increased rate of both simple crime and organized brigandage. When it became the capital after Pakistan’s Independence in 1947, it witnessed the first mass migration as its Hindu and Sikh residents migrated to India, to be replaced by Muslim refugees who had fled that country. The port was also mentioned in a sixteenth-century Turkish paper, known as Mirat-ul-Memalik (Mirror of Countries) published in the year 1557, and retrieved quite recently. We handpicked 10 historical places in Karachi, Pakistan, to help you get started. It's said to be invented by Punjabi Chandu Halwai Karachiwala, established Karachi, 1896, moved to Bombay, 1947. 24.000 (2011) Mitarbeiter 700 (akademische Lehrer) (2011) 2.500 (andere Mitarbeiter) (2011) Jahresetat PKR 2,79 Milliarden (2012) (ca. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. With the city’s infrastructure already overburdened to the breaking point, fully one-third of these new arrivals were forced to take up residence in urban shantytowns known as katchi abadis, which ordinarily lacked power, running water, or sanitation. And now that Karachi is its own city, this metropolis thrives and is quite proud of its multicultural heritage. Descendants of the original community still live in the area on the small island of Abdullah Goth, which is located near the Karachi Port.The original name "Kolachi" survives in the name of a well-known Karachi locality named Mai Kolachi in Balochi. In 1861 a railway was built from Karachi to Kotri, 90 miles upstream on the right bank of the Indus, opposite Hyderabad. The severity of lawlessness in Karachi prompted the government to initiate a military crackdown on crime in the city in 1992, but this campaign did not begin to see significant results until the end of that decade. Home Debal History of Karachi Karachi Krokola Kurtoğlu Hızır Reis Mirza Ghazi Beg Pakistan Sindh Sindhi History of Karachi. Ordered Disorder and the Struggle for the City, tells the story of a city described seven decades ago as the “city of lights”, but now often portrayed as one of the world's most chaotic and dangerous metropolises. Abdullah Shah Ghazi, one of the greatest Sufi saints of Sindh and also Ahl al-Bayt (from the family of Prophet Muhammad PBUH) arrived here from Kufa as a horse merchant-cum-trader in 760. It was during the movement for independence that Karachi saw, for the first time, outbreaks of communal violence between Hindus and Muslims. Thousands of Biharis and Bengalis arrived in the city, and today Karachi is home to between one and two million migrants from Bangladesh. They shopped in the Serai Quarter of the town. Home History of Karachi Vanished Heritage THE EARLY SETTLEMENT. Along with the settlers from India at Partition — who still refer to themselves as ‘Mohajirs’ — over the years people from other provinces and from interior Sindh continued to pour into Karachi in search of a better livelihood. Several countries around the world sought to emulate Pakistan’s economic planning strategy, with South Korea copying Karachi’s second ‘Five-Year Plan’ and modeling Seoul’s World Financial Centre after Karachi. The earliest account of the area where Karachi is located can be found in the record books of one of Alexander-the-Great's admirals, who sailed back home from the Greek expedition to India, from a harbor by the Indus delta, known as Krokola. By 1914 it had become the largest grain exporting port of the British Empire. About: Laurent Gayer, Karachi. The one facing the sea was called ‘Kharra Darwaaza’ (Kharadar) while the other gateway faced the Lyari River and was known as ‘Meet’ha Darwaaza’ (Mithadar) — the names for those areas still stand. Karachi was connected directly with the hinterland when the railway line was extended from Kotri in 1878 to join the Delhi-Punjab railway system at Multān. Besides the natural protection against monsoon storms, Manora Head furnished an excellent site for the defense of the harbour, and the Talpura amīrs who gained Karachi from the khān of Kalāt in 1795 erected a permanent fort on it. Karachi gained further importance after Sindh’s conquest by Major General Charles James Napier in 1843, and went on to become part of the British Indian Empire. 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Karachi also has a number of large modern shopping malls spirit of the native town of the port the! 1947 until the new city of Lights. ’ exceeded 400,000 wave of migration took place when former East broke. Rights reserved by Newsline Magazine area on small island of Abdullah Goth situated near Karachi.!