When the smoke cleared, the former 'commander-in-chief of the camp', Seleucus, controlled Babylon and several other eastern satrapies, proclaiming himself king in 306BC. The distance from Greece put a strain on the Seleucid military system, as it was primarily based around the recruitment of Greeks as the key segment of the army. [46], Along with the citizen militia infantry, there were also militia cavalry units recruited in the cities, known as Politikoi. [4], These settlers would be used to form the Seleucid phalanx and cavalry units, with picked men put into the kingdom's guards regiments. It is possible that the missing 5,000 men of th… They were often used as light and auxiliary troops, supplementing the phalanx and cavalry. Demetrius, having taken the throne, decided to disband the majority of the regular army and reduce its pay by a large amount. Throughout most of their tenure they were equipped in the Macedonian fashion and trained for phalanx combat like their illustrious forebears. The lancers, who performed the job of heavy cavalry before the Cataphract, were known by numerous names, for example dorataphoroi, sarissaphoroi, kontophoroi, xystophoroi and lonchophoroi. Seleucid Army Background The Seleucid army was the army of the Seleucid Empire, one of the numerous Hellenistic states that emerged after the death of Alexander the Great.As with the other major Hellenistic armies, the Seleucid army fought primarily in the Greco-Macedonian style, with its main body being the phalanx. White shields also appeared. We do not find the militias involved in the great campaigns before the general decline of the kingdom, which occurred in the latter half of the second century BC. Following Alexander’s untimely death, his generals fought each other for territory and the enormous power that came with it. The Seleucid Silver Shields, had held their own against the Ptolemaic Macedonian phalangists. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. The Greek Mercenaries pressed forward but Silver Shields decided to pin down the Sarmatian Lancers. The xyston was still too short to meet the sarissa phalanx head on. They were armed in the Macedonian manner with a sarissa and fought in the phalanx formation, much like the other Hellenistic armies of the time. The loss of manpower and political instability may well have ensured that the Seleucid army was dependent on mercenaries and citizen militias and unable to maintain a phalanx of the size seen at Raphia and Magnesia. It has been suggested that the fact that these 5,000 men are marching at the head of the army was meant to show Antiochus IV's intention of reforming the entire Seleucid army along Roman lines, though whether or not this complete reform actually took place is unknown. Nevertheless, they still had their problems. [26] The Persian and Iranian troops were most likely of a higher professional military standing than most of the other contingents, as they are seen on garrison duty throughout the empire. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. The Seleucid siege of Alexandria was not long lived, and was unsuccessful in any case. The Seleucid talent for adopting good ideas is given solidity in the shape of these Legionaries who are direct copies of the Roman originals! They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. See more ideas about Hellenistic, Ancient, Parthian empire. Unlike the more westerly powers, like the Romans and other Greek states, where infantry dominated the battlefield, in the 'vast spaces to the east, the horse cultures were more influential'. To carry the silver shield into battle is the realization of many a Seleucid boy’s dream, though only renowned men of higher birth would automatically qualify for such an honour.\n\nOnce in phalanx formation the silver shield pikemen are an almost immovable object unless attacked from the flanks. The core of any Macedonian army was the Pike Phalanx. They were picked men, were commanded by Nicanor, the son of Parmenion, and were held in high honour by Alexander. The argument for not allowing the Agyraspists to be Superior after 166 BC is that the performance of the Seleucid state after 166 BC deteriorates rapidly. The Thracian and Galatian mercenaries at Daphne would have been of good use in campaigns in the rough, hilly terrain. After all, the late Seleucid "Argyraspides" were thorakitai with silver-plated shields. [48], The Seleucids employed a number of Tarantine cavalry, either as mercenaries or – more likely – equipped and trained in the "Tarantine fashion". [20][21][22] Not long after, the majority of the citizen militia was wiped out in Antiochus VII's disastrous Parthian War of 129 BC. The whole kingdom may mean 'regions like Syria an… Just don't do anything. The Argyraspides were probably a corps of about 10,000 men who were picked from the entire kingdom to serve in this unit. Welcome . The Seleucid cavalry, after the introduction of the Cataphract, can be sub-divided into several categories. Like the phalanx, an attack on their flank could prove fatal for the rider and these difficulties were exploited by infantry 'which assaulted the cataphracts from the flanks, attacking body parts of the riders and horses that were unprotected by armour'. The Silver Shields held the charge from those two units, giving enough time for the red shielded Seleucid phalanx to his the elephant in the rear. Xystophoroi and lonchophoroi were mentioned specifically by Titus Flamininus whilst in discussion with the Achaeans. [43] The cataphract had numerous advantages though. [34] These were the Agema (the 'Guards') and the Hetairoi ('Companions'). The Seleucid army was the army of the Seleucid Empire, one of the numerous Hellenistic states that emerged after the death of Alexander the Great. At the time of the second Punic War, Antiochos III, or Antiochos Megas, led the Successor kingdom of the Seleucids. 8 Posts. Even until the reign of Antiochus VII Sidetes, the empire was able to field formidable armies of 60,000 to 80,000 men. During his final years on campaign, Alexander the Great renamed his elite hypaspist infantrymen argyraspides or 'Silver Shields'. Having previously served as an infantry general under Alexander the Great, he eventually assumed the title of basileus and established the Seleucid Empire over much of the territory in the Near East which Alexander had conquered. [47] Citizen cavalry of this sort was seen at the Daphne parade and, in this case, was probably just from Antioch and not collected from all of the coastal cities. The is an earlier army list and a later one. I'm going to be running a Magnesia game this summer with some friends, and in preparation for that I'm going to be painting up several Selucid battle groups. This cavalry consisted of those richest citizens who did not hold the legal status of 'Macedonians'. The famed Macedonian "Silver Shields" were the backbone of the army of Alexander the Great and after his death served superbly in the armies of later Macedonian kings in Syria and Egypt. Tactic-wise, defeats of the phalanx in the hands of the Romans was mostly due to a degradation in the understanding on how such units must be protected. Chariot: The earlier Seleucid lists have an option for a Scythed Chariot. There was a moment of success and strength with the Parthian campaign of Antiochus VII, but his death in battle led to further defeat and decline. Silver Shields were now in grave danger and it was up to Seleucid cavalry and remaining Phalangite unit to protect their flanks and to try and help them. [40] Both units were armed with a xyston, a cavalry lance not so dissimilar to the sarissa. The Ancient Empires works to develop innovative mods for both Total War Rome II (as a submod of Divide et Impera) and Attila. [2] Unlike the Ptolemaic military settlers, who were known as Kleruchoi, the Seleucid settlers were called Katoikoi. Daviochus himself will be on foot, guarded by his faithful Molossian hound and an elite unit of Silver Shields. However 5,000 troops armed in the Roman fashion are present and they are described as being in the prime of their life, perhaps denoting their elite nature. For more information, see the TMP FAQ. During his final years on campaign, Alexander the Great renamed his elite hypaspist infantrymen argyraspides or 'Silver Shields'. The situation in the Seleucid kingdom is less well understood. The Seleucid Armies Part II. [5] In his reign, Antiochus IV had built 15 new cities "and their association with the increased phalanx... at Daphne is too obvious to be ignored". [18] Citizens of Antioch played a major role in the overthrowing of Demetrius II Nicator. The Parthian style of warfare was based around heavily armoured cavalrymen, Cataphracts, and horse archers, which were used in hit and run style tactics. Posted on July 31, 2015 by MSW. For example, the Seleucid cataphracts were able to beat the Ptolemaic cavalry and attack their phalanx at Panium in 200 BC with relative ease. His territory became known as the Seleucid Empire, and the Silver Shields formed the elite of its armies from the very beginning. They were armed in the Macedonian manner with a sarissa and fought in the phalanx formation, much like the other Hellenistic armies of the time. Seleucid Argyraspides I had a good opportunity over the past few days to get these Silver Shield pikemen finished off and based for my Seleucid army. Firstly, Antiochus IV had 'spent part of his early life in Rome and had acquired rather an excessive admiration for Rome's power and methods". [23] The militia were most likely armed and fought in the style of the Thureophoroi. Also, the silver shield legionaries were an exact copy of Legionary cohorts in Rome 1, so I did the same for Rome 2. Just as the Seleucids inherited the phalanx from their Macedonian predecessors, they were able to learn the legionary tactics from the Romans. Seleucid Shield Patterns My second Field of Glory army will most likely be a Seleucid army. [17], There was a militia, at least in Syria. Please register for Total War Access to use the forums. Field of Glory: Empires is a grand strategy game in which you will have to move in an intricate and living tapestry of nations and tribes, each one with their distinctive culture. As with the other major Hellenistic armies, the Seleucid army fought primarily in the Greco-Macedonian style, with its main body being the phalanx. They were of doubtful reliability, usefulness and efficiency. The eastern style of horse warfare would have a deep impact in the reign of Antiochus III, when he armed his heavy cavalry along Parthian lines. The Seleucid talent for adopting good ideas is given solidity in the shape of these Legionaries who are direct copies of the Roman originals! Jan 1, 2018 - Seleucus I Nicator (c. 358 BCE – 281 BCE) (Ancient Greek: Σέλευκος Α΄ Νικάτωρ) was one of the Diadochi. At the Battle of Magnesia Antiochus deployed Dahae horse archers, Gallograecian (Galatian) cavalry and camel-borne Arab archers.[53]. As for the Agema, they were probably equipped the same as the cataphracts. The core of any Macedonian army was the Pike Phalanx. All members in good standing are free to post here. The Hetairoi were recruited from the younger generation of military settlers and acted as the standing guard cavalry unit of the army, serving in peace and in war. For example, the arms and equipment of the Thracian troops allowed the individual soldier greater mobility and freer action in hand-to-hand combat than a phalangite could adopt.[29]. [9] The whole kingdom may mean 'regions like Syria and Mesopotamia, which were the nucleus of the Seleucid Kingdom, there was a greater density of Greek soldiers'.[10]. Macedonian Pike Phalanx. For more information, see the TMP FAQ. It would be weird having the Seleucid legionaries in heavier armor than the Roman legionaries. This form of fighting had been developed by the Macedonian army in the reign of Philip II of Macedon and his son Alexander the Great. Opinions expressed here are solely those of the posters, and have not been cleared with nor are they endorsed by The Miniatures Page. These veterans fight in the Roman style, and do so with fortitude. In 166 BC, at the Daphne Parade under Antiochus IV, the Argyraspides corps is only seen to be 5,000 strong. (eds.) [24], Due to the lack of Greeks in the lands of the Seleucid kingdom, the use of allied, vassal and mercenary troops was great. During his final years on campaign, Alexander the Great renamed his elite hypaspist infantrymen argyraspides or 'Silver Shields'. These units retained their regimental identities down to the second century. Skirmishers are also helpful for luring enemy units into your phalanx or for decimating the opposing army from behind with their javelins. However, following their catastrophic defeat at Magnesia in 190BC by the Romans, the Seleucids began to re-model the Silver Shields on the impressive Roman legionaries who defeated them, certainly in equipment if not in tactics. Wars of the Diadochi > Seleucid Army. ... and one of the black patterns on silver shields for my Argyraspides. The core was a professional standing army of Macedonian-style infantry called the Silver Shields, various horse guard regiments, and war elephants. Second, the kontos allowed them to block an enemy advance and attack from further away. Have fun modding! First, their armour provided protection from missiles, arrows, spears and pikes. [3] For example, Antiochus III brought Greeks from Euboea, Crete and Aetolia and settled them in Antioch. Most Macedonian shields were covered in bronze but elite troops often had silver shields. Second group of Phalangites advanced as well. [11] It is possible that the missing 5,000 men of the Argyraspides were the 5,000 'Romanized' infantry marching alongside them. (Quote) The only Romanized infantry we see are the romanized silver shields and not the regular romanized infantry Regular romanized infantry (Quote) They were armed in the Macedonian manner with a sarissa and fought in the phalanx formation, much like the other Hellenistic armies of the time. Feb 10, 2016 - Explore LAND: the game's board "2nd Century BCE - Seleucid Empire", followed by 114 people on Pinterest. The rest of the Seleucid army would consist of a large number of native and mercenary troops, who would serve as light auxiliary troops. Despite the numerous advantages that the Seleucids had at the height of their power, the empire soon began to fall into decline, especially with the coming of so many dynastic wars between the rival claimants to the Seleucid throne. Agyraspides means Silver Shields. Attack: 9 Missile: 13 Defense: 22 Recruitment Cost: 710 Abilities: Can form testudo (tortoise) formation with shields, javelins thrown before charge, good morale, good stamina, can sap. All members in good standing are free to post here. The symbol of the Seleucid Empire is fictional and depicts a silver Corinthian helmet. For example, Thracian mercenaries along with Mysian, Cilician, Lycian, and Vassal troops from the mountainous areas of the empire were used by Antiochus III in conjunction with Thorakitai in his storming of the Elburz range in 210 BC. These units retained their regimental identities down to the second century. There is a simple trick to deal with chariots, and that is; don't do anything. The Epilektoi were most likely recruited from the city of Larissa, which was founded by colonists from Larissa on the Greek mainland. Facti seleucus shoulder add-on space marine tabletop wargaming Theme greek tiny shields veteran Among them were 10,000 Arab infantry, 5,000 Dahai, Carmanians and Cilicians. Macedonian Pike Phalanx. Style_Shoulder Shields 4. There were two main periods in the establishment of settlements, firstly under Seleucus I Nicator and Antiochus I Soter and then under Antiochus IV Epiphanes. [44] The cataphracts could also have their kontos grabbed from them or be knocked off their horse. However, the second unit moved passed them to open the space for clever outflanking manoeuvre. So much so that Appian blamed them for the defeat at the Battle of Magnesia in 190 BC. 8 Posts. When Demetrius took the throne as Demetrius I, Rome further undermined him by supporting Alexander Balas and numerous rebel groups, such as those of John Hyrcanus in Judea. The principle guard infantry of the Seleucid army was the 'Silver-Shields', or Argyraspides. At Magnesia, Antiochus' disregard for his phalanx and his misdirected cavalry charge led to his defeat. His campaign was cut short when Seleukos, the leader of the famous “Silver Shields” murdered him (321 BCE). Alongside the phalanx, the Seleucid armies used a great deal of native and mercenary troops to supplement their Greek forces, which were limited due to the distance from the Seleucid rulers' Macedonian homeland. Style_Extra Large 4. [51] According to Xenophon, their scent scared off horses. Livery_Seleucid Anchor anchor Diadochi Escutcheons extra armor greek anchor Heraldic Escutcheons Italian left shoulder rim rimmed seleucid empire 3. The new council of the rulers, which took place on Triparadise in Syria, reconfirmed Antipater’s ruler over Macedonia, appointed Antigonos Monophthalmos (the One Eyed!) However they are no match for the toughest Infantry of other factions such as Sacred Band. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. We and our partners use cookies to personalize your experience, to show you ads based on your interests, and for measurement and analytics purposes. However, when their Arab flank guard retreat, the Seleucid officers realized they were alone on the battlefield. Romanized argyraspides or "Silver Shield Legionaries", are equipped and trained in mimicry of what returning Seleucid rulers might have seen on Mars field during time spent in Rome: Place a special unit block in the same hex as each Silver Shields unit to distinguish them from the other units. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. "Seleucid Silver Shields" Topic. Seleucus had ended up with the ‘elite cavalry regiments of Alexander’s army: two Iranian regiments, the agema and Nisaeans, together with the Companions, as well as the Argyraspides or `silver-shields’. Not only do the Seleucids have a lot of phalanx units including the strong Silver Shields, they also have a lot of strong cavalry units and legionaries which can also be used for flanking. The model is a conversion of a left-over Gallic chariot with additional horses and a Seleucid archer. Silver Shield Legionaries. Astin, A.E., Frederiksen, M.W., Ogilvie, R.M., Walbank, F.W. The principle guard infantry of the Seleucid army was the 'Silver-Shields', or Argyraspides. His territory became known as the Seleucid Empire, and the Silver Shields formed the elite of its armies from the very beginning. [25] Certain ethnic contingents, be they vassal or mercenary, were of considerable use. Large numbers of native contingents fought at the Battle of Raphia in 217 BC. The Silver Shield phalanx, as well as other sarissa phalanxes, is conspicuously underequppted for late Macedonian infantry, which was more heavily armored than the earlier infantry of Alexander the Great. The weight of their armour restricted movement, but the elimination of a shield for protection made the rider and horse more vulnerable. Argyraspides = Silver shields ; Chalkaspides = Bronze shields ; Leukaspides = White shields ; Pre and Post 205 BC. Livery_Seleucid Anchor anchor centurion terminators combat shield conversion bits Diadochi greek anchor left shield left-handed combat shield primaris centurion right shield right-handed shield seleucid empire 3. They were hypaspists, having changed their name to the Argyraspides whilst in India under Alexander. All figures painted by Ian Galley unless otherwise noted. All figures painted by Ian Galley unless otherwise noted. This follows from my Seleucid settler pikemen so not a great deal more to say on these 20mm Newline Designs miniatures. See more ideas about Ancient warfare, Ancient warriors, Hellenistic. They were a permanently embodied guard unit, which was formed from the sons of military settlers. 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